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short biography of rani lakshmi bai in english

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short biography of rani lakshmi bai in english

Born: 19 November 1828, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Died: 18 June 1858, Kota Ki Sarai, Gwalior
Scope: Queen of Jhansi, Veerangana of 1st Indian Freedom Struggle of 1857
Rani Lakshmibai was the Queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi state and was one of the heroes who played bugle against the English hukumat in the first Indian freedom struggle of 1857. He was a veerangana who took the front of the British Empire Army only at the age of 23 and got the valour in the battlefield, but the British did not allow the British to occupy their kingdom jhansi.

short biography of rani lakshmi bai in english

short biography of rani lakshmi bai in english

short biography of rani lakshmi bai in english

biography of rani lakshmi bai in english

Early life

Lakshmibai was born in a Marathi Brahmin family on 19th November 1828 in Varanasi district. His childhood name was Manikarka, but the family used to call him manu with affection. His father’s name was Moropanti Tambe and the mother’s name was Bhagirathi Sapre. His parents belonged to Maharashtra. When Lakshmibai was only four years old, her mother died. His father was in the service of Maratha Bajirao. After the mother’s demise, there was no one to take care of Manu at home, so the father took Manu with him to the court of Bajirao. There, Manu’s nature charmed everyone, and people lovingly called him “chbeli.”. Along with the teachings of the Scriptures, Manu was also taught arms. In 1842, Manu was married to King Gangadhar Rao Nimbalkar of Jhansi and thus became the Queen of Jhansi and his name was changed to Laxmi Bai. In 1851, Rani Lakshmibai and Gangadhar Rao died at the age of four months when the son Ratna was parpat. The health of Gangadhar Rao was deteriorating. He was advised to take an adoptive son when the health worsened. He did so and after adopting the son, Gangadhar Rao Parlok went to Sidhar on 21st November 1853. His adoptive son was named Damodar Rao.
The State Usurp Policy of the British (Doctrin of Lapse) and Jhansi
Under the state usurp policy of British India Governor General Dalhousie, the British refused to accept balkh Damodar Rao as the successor to the Jhansi state and decided to merge the Jhansi state into the English Empire under the ‘ Doctrin of Lapse ‘ policy. Although Rani Lakshmibai took the advice of English lawyer John Lang and filed a lawsuit in a London court, a decision could not be made against the English Empire, so it was dismissed after much debate. The British forgot the treasure of the Jhansi state and ordered the debt of Rani Lakshmibai’s husband Gangdahr Rao to be cut off from the Queen’s annual expenses. The British asked Lakshmibai to leave the Jhansi fort after which he had to go to Ranimahal. On March 7, 1854, the organs were empowered at Jhansi. Rani Lakshmibai did not give up and decided to protect jhansi at all times.
short biography of rani lakshmi bai in english

short biography of rani lakshmi bai in english


English hukumat struggles 
Rani Lakshmibai started the formation of a volunteer army to fight the English Hukumat. Women were also recruited in this army and they were trained in war. The general public of Jhansi also joined the Queen in this struggle. Lakshmibai’s lookalike, Jhalkari Bai, was given a prominent position in the army.
Rani Lakshmibai’s war against the British has many more unsquad and english usurp-policy victims like Begum Hazrat Mahal, begum Zeenat Mahal of the last Mughal emperor, Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah himself, Nana Saheb’s lawyer Ajimulla Shahgarh King, King Mardansinh of Vanpur and Tatya Tope etc. Began to try to cooperate in this work of the Queen.
In January 1858, the English army began to move towards Jhansi and surrounded the city in March. After nearly two weeks of struggle, the British occupied the city, but Rani Lakshmibai escaped from the English army with her son Damodar Rao. Ran from Jhansi and met Rani Lakshmibai Kalpi and Tatya Tope.
The joint army of Tatya Tope and Lakshmibai captured a fort in Gwalior with the help of rebel soldiers from Gwalior. Rani Lakshmibai fought the English army with his life, but on 17th June 1858, he was able to fight the British Army at Kota Sarai near Gwalior.

short biography of rani lakshmi bai in english

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