Short biography of Omar Khayyam in english
• Name: Omar Khayyam.Born: 18 May 1048, Nishpur, Khorasan (current Iran).
Omar Khayyam was born in Nishpur, a major city of Khorasan in medieval times, reaching its climax of prosperity in the eleventh century under the Seljuk dynasty. Nishpur was then religiously a major centre of Zorastrian. It is likely that Khayyam’s father was a Zorastrian who adopted Islam. He was born in the family of the tent-making (Khayyam).
His full name, as seen in Arabic sources, was Abu Fal Omar ibn Ebrahim al-Khayam. In medieval Persian texts they are commonly called Omar Khayyam. Historian Behaki, who was personally familiar with Omar, provides a full explanation of his horoscope:0 “He was in the ascending of Gemini, Sun and Mercury।
Omar Khayyam joined the regular caravan travelling three months from Nishpur to the great city of Samarkand, which is now in Uzbekistan. Samarkand was a centre of scholarship, and Khayyam arrived there in 1068, at the age of 20. In Samarkand, he approached his father’s old friend Abu Tahir, who was the governor and Chief Justice of the city. Tahir gave him a job in his office in view of khayyam’s extraordinary talent with numbers. Soon Khayyam was given a job in the king’s treasure. While in Samarkand, Khayyam made a major advancement in algebra.
In fact Khayyam produced such a work, the treatise on the performance of algebra problems which had a complete assortment of cubic equations with geometric solutions found through blocking cone sections. In fact Khayyam gives an interesting historical description in which he claims that the Greeks left nothing on the principle of cubic equations.
Indeed, as Khayyam writes, the geometric problems contributed by earlier authors such as Al-Mahani and Al-Khazin were to translate into algeometric equations (something that was essentially impossible before al-Khivrizmi’s work). However, Khayyam himself imagines a general theory of cube equations for the first time.
Omar’s fame in the West attributed to him, Lutyat or 0 “Quatrins0 Rests on the collection of “. (A quatrain is a piece of poetry entirely in four lines, usually sung to Aa aa or poetry; it is close to style and soul.) Khayyam, like 0 “Now a wine, a scrap of bread and tu-tu,”. Take the cache, and let the credit go, 0 “And once which flower dies forever0 containing such well-known phrases as “. Almost every major language has been translated and is largely responsible for coloring European ideas about Persian poetry. Some scholars have doubted that Omar had written poetry.
His contemporaries paid no attention to his poetry, and not until two centuries after his death appeared under his name. Nevertheless, verses were mostly used as quotes against special ideas held by Omar, leading some scholars to suspect that because of his scholarship he had invented Omer and attributed it to it.
By 1092, Khayyam was one of the influential courtiers in the court of Sultan Malik Shah. But the situation changed in 1092, when his patron died, possibly from poisoning. In the same year, his friend and beneficiary Nizam al-Mulk was also murdered. After his death, Khayyam was removed for important positions.
To regain his position, he wrote a book in which he praised former rulers, as respectable men who supported public works, science and scholarship. But it did not help. By then Malik Shah’s widow had gone against him.
Omar Khayyam passed away at the age of 83 years on December 4, 1131 at Nishpur, Khorasan and his body was buried in the famous Khayyam Garden in the tomb of Imamzade Mahuk. His own tomb, completed by Hoseng Sehoun in 1963, is iranian architecture and a very popular tourist attraction in current Iran.