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Short biography of Jose Rizal in english

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Short biography of Jose Rizal in english


• Name: Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Riodonda.
• Born: 19 June 1861, Kailamba, Laguna, Spanish Philippines.
• Father: Francisco Mercado Rizal.
• Mata: Tiodora Alonso Realonda.
 Wife/Wife Husband: Josephine Bracken.

Short biography of Jose Rizal in english

Short biography of Jose Rizal in english

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Early Life:

Jose Rizal was born in 1861 in the city of Kailamba in Laguna province of Francisco Rijal Mercado y Alejandro and Teodora Alonso Realonda y Quintos. He had nine sisters and one brother. His parents were a hysanda by dominicans and leaseholders of rice farmland together. After deciding to adopt Spanish surnames among Filipinos for census purposes, their two families adopted additional aliases of Rijal and Rylaunda in 1849.


Like many families in the Philippines, rijles were of mixed origin. Jose’s patrinogen dynasty could be found back in Fujian in China through his father’s ancestor Lam-Ko, a Chinese businessman living in the Philippines at the end of the 17th century. Lam-co travelled from Amy, China to Manila, possibly to avoid famine or plague in his home district, and possibly to avoid the Manchu invasion during the transition from Ming to Qing. He eventually decided to live in the islands as a farmer. In 1697, to avoid anti-Chinese prejudice that exists in the Philippines, he converted to Catholicism, changed his name to Domingo Mercado and married the daughter of Chinese friend Augustin Chin-co.

While in Europe, Jose Rizal became part of the propaganda movement, connecting with other Filipinos who wanted reform. He has his first novel, Nolie Me Tangere (Touch Me Not/I) The Social Cancer), a work written, broadens the dark aspects of Spain’s colonial rule in the Philippines, with special attention to the role of Catholic fibers. The book was banned in the Philippines, though copies were smuggled. Due to this novel, Rijal’s return to the Philippines was reduced in 1887, when he was targeted by police.

Rijal returned to Europe and continued to write in 1891 while releasing his follow-up novel, El Filibustso (The Rewind of Grad). He also published an article in La Soliderid, a paper related to the propaganda movement. The reforms that Rizal advocated did not include independence – he called for equal treatment of Filipinos, limiting the power of the Spanish frage and limiting representation to the Philippines in the Spanish cortes (Spanish parliament).

In 1892, Rizal returned to the Philippines. He founded the Liga Phillipina, a non-violent-reformist society in Manila, and was sent to Dapitan in northwest Mindanao. He remained exiled for the next four years. In 1896, Kattipunen of a nationalist secret society in Filipino rebelled against Spain. Although he had no connection with that organization and had no part in the insurgency, Rizal was arrested and attempted treason by the army.

Found guilty, he was publicly executed by a firing squad in Manila. His martyrdom convinced Filipinos that there was no substitute for freedom from Spain. Confined in Fort Santiago, on the eve of his execution, Rizal n “Último adiós” (“Final Farewell” “) written, which is a masterpiece of 19th century Spanish poetry.

The Philippine Revolution began in 1896. Rizal condemned the violence and obtained permission to travel to Cuba to victims of yellow fever in exchange for his independence. Bonifacio and two colleagues left the ship to Cuba, trying to convince Rijal before he left the Philippines, but Rijal refused.

He was arrested on the way by the Spanish, taken to Barcelona, and then extradited to Manila for trial. Jose Rijal was charged with conspiracy, treason and rebellion by the court-martial. Despite the lack of any evidence of their complexity in the revolution, Rizal was convicted and sentenced to death in all cases.

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