Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english

Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


Born on April 3, 1914 at Amritsar in Punjab, Field Marshal Manakshaw became the chief army chief of the Indian Army in 1969 and under his order, the Indian Army won a resounding victory in the Indo-Pak War in 1971.

He is one of the two Indian military officers holding the highest rank of field marshal. He served in the army for four decades and witnessed five wars, including the Second World War, during his tenure. He was one of the first group of 40 military students at the Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun, from where he passed his military education in December 1934. He served at Royal Scots for the first time and later 4/11/2009. He also served as a second right representative of the Indian Army in the Frontier Force Regiment. During World War II, Manekshaw scored 4/4 as a captain. 12 served the country in conjunction with the Frontier Force Regiment and also participated in the Burma campaign.


Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english
Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english

Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english

He was seriously injured during the ongoing campaign in Burma and then, after recovering, he took a course at the Staff College, Quetta, before taking this course and was sent back to Burma where he was injured again. During the Jammu and Kashmir operation of 1947-48, he demonstrated his strategic proficiency and was later made a colonel of 8 Gorkha Rifles and earlier he was also made an army hero of the Infantry School. He was appointed as goc-in-c Eastern Command where he handled the insurgency in Nagaland. On June 7, 1969, he became the 8th Chief Officer of the Army.

Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


military life

Sam, who was stationed in the 17th Infantry Division, tasted war for the first time in World War II, as captain of the 4-12 Frontier Force Regiment, while taking iron from the Japanese on the banks of the Setang River during the Burma expedition.

On being healthy, Manakshaw first became a lieutenant in the 12 frontier rifle force of the 14th Army of General Slims and once again reached the Jungles of Burma to hand over two hands to the Japanese, where he was again badly injured in the fierce battle, after the end of World War II, Sam was sent to Indo-China for the surrender of the Japanese by making him a staff officer where he contributed to the rehabilitation of about 10000 war prisoners.


Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english
Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


In 1946, he was serving in the Military Affairs Directorate by becoming a first grade staff officer, he also played an important role in the Indo-Pak War 1947 battle of 1947-48 after the partition of India. He was the first Indian officer to command the Gorakhs after India's independence. The Gorakhon first started calling him in the name of Sam Bahadur. While climbing the stairs of progress, Sam was conferred with the Padma Bhushan in 1968 for his unforgettable contribution to solving the Nagaland problem.

On June 7, 1969, Sam Manekshaw took over as India's 8th Chief of the Army Staff after General Kumaramangalam, the test of his experience of so many years came when thousands of refugees began coming to India from east Pakistan and the war became inevitable, in December 1971, the apprehension was true, Pakistan's war skills were defeated and Bangladesh was built,

Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


After Independence

Working on issues related to division, Manakshaw introduced his leadership and played an important role in planning and governance management. He also introduced war skills during the Jammu and Kashmir campaign of 1947-48. After the leadership of an infantry brigade, he was made commandant of the Infantry School at Mho and also became the colonel of the 8th Gorkha Rifles and the 61st Cavalry. Thereafter, he was made commandant of a division in Jammu and Kashmir after which he became commandant of defence Services Staff College. In the meantime, the then Defence Minister V. K. He had a difference of opinion with Krishna Menon after which he was ordered to be a ' court of inquiry ' in which he was found exonerated. Amidst all these controversies, China invaded India and Manakshaw was promoted to Lieutenant General and sent to Tezpur to take command of the fourth corps of the army.

Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


In 1963, he was promoted to the post of Army commander and was entrusted with the responsibility of the Western Command. In 1964, he was sent from Shimla to Kolkata as the Eastern Army's G-Oc-in-C. In the meantime, he successfully eliminated terrorist activities from Nagaland, as follows which he was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1968.


Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english
Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english

Father of Victory

In 1971, Under indira Gandhi's political leadership, Sam Manakshaw washed the national humiliation in which a Pakistani soldier is equal to 10-10 Indian soldiers. The victims of this Fitur were the first to realise the reality. It would be relevant to mention the incident here that Indira Gandhi wanted military action about eight months before December 1970. Manakshaw categorically refused because India's armed forces were not ready for the decisive victory. For the first time, India's Army, Air Force and Navy took coordinated action.

When the army was moving towards Dhaka, the Karachi port was burning with the attack by the Navy's missile boats. It was amazing for manakshaw's skilled military leadership. Indira Gandhi wanted bangladesh to be built on the one hand and on the other hand, western Pakistan should be destroyed so much that she could not raise her head for a long time. His order was ' smash Pak War machine '. Manakshaw was confident that he would do it. It could not be possible because the Soviet Union refused to do so. India, dependent on the Soviet Union for military equipment and veto in the Security Council, does not break the back of Western Pakistan alone.

The US and China had given a message to the Soviet Union that India continued military operations in western Pakistan, so they would intervene. Indira Gandhi's political mission remained incomplete. Nevertheless, Manakshaw's military leadership gave the nation a brand new confidence. Remember, when did the enemy soldiers kneel to India like this earlier? After chandragupta Maurya's decisive victory over the Greek army of Selus, there is no second example in the history of centuries.


Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english
Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english

Passed away

Manekshaw passed away on June 27, 2008 at the Army Hospital in Wellington (Tamil Nadu) due to pneumonia. He was 94 years old at the time of death.

Short biography of Sam Manekshaw in english


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